László Moholy-Nagy (20th Century)
László Moholy-Nagy was born in Hungary in 1895. After serving three years in the Austro-Hangarian army, Moholy-Nagy took up a keen interest in photography. In 1920, he moved to Vienna and then to Berlin, where he married the journalist and photographer Lucia Schulz, who became the subject of many of his photographs, and with whom he created his first photograms. Moholy-Nagy was appointed master at Walter Gropius' Bauhaus in Weimar in 1923, where he continues to experiment with photograms, camera photographs and photomontage. Throughout his artistic career he worked on many innovations, experimenting with film, kinetic sculpture, music and photography.
Moholy-Nagy 'A New Instrument of Vision' in Lyle Rexer's 'The Edge of Vision: The Rise of Abstraction in Photography (Aperture, 2009)
'Moholy-Nagy: The Photograms' (Catalogue Raisonne) edited by Floris M. Neussus and Renate Heyne in collaboration with Hattula Moholy-Nagy (Hatje Cantz, 2009)