Week 1. Research Methods Contents

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Being a Scholar at the M-Level


October 5

10:00am - 12:00am Portland 1.24, we will meet at the seminar room and then work on guest accounts in the computer lab in Portland 1.16, in case you are delayed arriving. This is just farther down the hallway from 1.24 and through the double doors. Your swipe cards should work on these double doors.

2:00pm - 4:00pm Portland 1.24

Morning session

This morning we will introduce you to the wiki where all the course content is stored. We will go over the information, how to find it and how to edit your own home pages. We will load up images, so if you have a small jpeg portrait of yourself, please bring it with you.

For editing the wiki, these pages are very useful.

Afternoon session

This afternoon we will discuss writing at the M-level and in particular on this programme. As preparation for this seminar, please criticize the text supplied here File:Handless.doc and bring your criticisms to the seminar. In addition please answer the following questions. You may add your responses directly under the questions, with you name in (brackets) after your answer. These are not trick questions and there is more than one answer to them all. They are all real-life situations that face researchers every day. If you have encountered similar tricky situations, and would like to pose them as questions, please do so here, adding your name in (brackets) after the question.

1. You are writing an essay for a journal and a colleague asks you to read his or her essay (to be submitted to another journal) for clarity. While reading your colleague's essay, you realize that you have both, independently, come to the same conclusion about a series of photographs. What do you do? (Kelley) Congratulate my colleague on what i consider to be a wonderful conclusion about the series of photographs , and put in some work on other photographs - there are millions to choose from (Graham ) This can happen at any time. The method of approach will not be the same. The text will be of constructed in a different way. A joint discussed with the tutor is recommended. {JW} Accuse your colleague of being a genius, credit where credit is due (GP) Talk to them and discuss your options - also include the journal editors if there are contractual obligations involved. Your colleague could publish first with the agreement that you will submit later with an essay that builds on the research, you could both collaborate and produce two new essays for the journals (double the citations) or both rewrite the essays to be substantively different enough for you to both contribute effectively to the debate. I have come across situations where people have behaved in a less than proper manner and the resultant damage to their reputation means that others become reluctant to work with them, they become isolated and marginalised. As new members of the research community we would be better served by being as open and honest with each other as possible, we can all only benefit from the result. Also I have just spent 4 lovely hours with a sound artist collaborating on a joint abstract for a conference and have come away knowing much more than when I started - and we had cake.(Mort)

2. You would like to cite a text in your essay, but that text in turn cites another text. What are your options for correct citation? (Kelley) Presumably cite your original text - if the reader looks at this he , or she will then have access to other texts cited in the original (Graham )The author-date system, sources are briefly cited in the text, usually in parentheses, by author’s last name and date of publication. The short citations are amplified in a list of references, where full bibliographic information is provided.{JW} after the piece in brackets put 'as cited in ....' and reference the text you have actually read (GP) Preferably, the original text must be cited. Yet, if that is not possible, the fragment quoted in the essay should contain an explanatory note detailing the source of the quote. (Alexandra) After years of Harvard I’m struggling a little to get my head around the Chicago system but would think that you must make it clear you have used a secondary source or even better find and read the original source if available. I would guess as Humanities Style note it would be - 2. Moody, M. Interesting Things About Photographs in More Interesting Things About Photographs, Karl Marx (Soviet Press, 1956)?? Book titles italicized. (Mort)

3. In your essay, you would like to cite a web page. How do you do it? (Kelley) Add full Title & Web address (Graham )Online sources should be cited similarly to their print counterparts but with the addition of a URL and may also require an access date.. {JW} Possibly adding a time of access too (GP) I would add the author/the name of the article/the name of the web page/the name of the general organization or institution that manages the web page/ the date when the information was published/ the date when I accessed the website and the URL (Alexandra) Webpage owner, “Site Title” full web address (accessed on Month, date, year). (Mort).

4. You would like to publish an article dealing with Paul Strand, and in it you would like to publish an image from his work. Where do you get your image from and how do you clear the copyright? (Kelley) Looks like the Paul Strand archive is the place to go (Thanks Damian ) and be prepared to get your credit card out to pay for use of the copyright material ( Graham ) Make sure that the images are essential for the work. Negotiate a price with the copyright holder. If the work is for general publication and profit then a chance for the copyright holder to an agreed percentage share of the profit as royalty. Make sure that the company holds the copyright and or that the image is not already in the public domain. If the work that is to be published is a small run-off as it would be for a scholarly work than the holder of the copyright may wave the fee. Some tax exemptions for US universities are worth pointing out and discussing with the publisher. {JW} As suggested by others I’d try the Strand Archive but define the geographical area of publication, print run, and rights for online and NFP access. (Mort)

Some answers in attached .doc. If you don't want my (mis)direction, post your own answers before opening. (Damian) DPH_Answers.doc

[Some partial answers also in an attached file (David) File:Dgp wiki.doc

Required Reading

Chicago Manual of Style

Susan Bielstein on copyright.

You could also look for Susan Bielstein's book, Permissions, A Survival Guide Blunt Talk about Art as Intellectual Property, (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2006). This is one of the funniest and most accurate books about a subject near to all our research hearts and should be part of your personal library.

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